-- Winter Ecology --

A Field Course at CU's Mountain Research Station
EBIO 4100 or 5100, Sec 570

Spring 2015 - 3 Credits

Meets ENVS’s Application requirement – Meets EBIO’s Field/Lab & 4000 requirements
— Enrollment open to students from all US colleges and universities —  

6 Weekends – At the Mountain Research Station
*  Saturday and Sunday Field Days
   *   Evening guest lectures Saturdays
*  Wednesday Lectures, Main Campus  *


Slide 1

Mountain Research Station – 6 weekends:
Sat 24 Jan – Sat 28 Feb 2015
Times: Sat – 8:30a-5p & 7:30-8.30p, Sun – 8:30a-5p

Boulder campus – Lecture Weds 5-6p – 6 meetings, Ramaley N183
Orientation 14 Jan. 2015 –  Lectures: 21 Jan. through 25 Feb. 2015
* * *    * * *


* * * Course Syllabus  * * *
Course Description
Course Mechanics
Location (also: Getting There)
Dates & Times
   Financial Aid Questions
Course Format
   Projects (also: Guidelines)

Schedule-at-Glance (see right fame on this page ->>)
Getting There

Course Flyer
Instructor's Goals
Words from Previous Years' Students

Health Matters
Required Personal Equipment (also: What to Bring)

University Course Policies

Photo Gallery:

2014 class pix (2.4M)

2014 Winter Ecology (photo: (c) Fernando Lima)

2013 class pix (5.4M)
2013 Winter Ecology (photo: Kelly Matheson)

2012 class pix (4.8M)
                      Class Photo
2012 Winter Ecology (photo: Kelly Matheson)

2011 class pix (4.5M) (photo originals: Kelly Matheson, T Kittel - composite by Justin Burman)
2010 class pix (2.5M)
2009 Collage (2M)
2008 Collage


* * * Announcements * * *

Posted 2/13/15 --

1) New: Field Design Tips for Projects

Posted 1/21/15 --

eBook version of required text "Life in the Cold, 4th ed," is available through CU Libraries - see link: Texts

field ecology rap video --

* * * Schedule and Assignments * * *

2015 Tentative Calendar-at-a-glance (and daily start times) - (schedule subject to modification- see Announcements)


Link » Schedule, Readings
Wednesday (5 p)

Ramaley N183
Saturday (8.30a)

MRS Science Lodge
Sunday (8:30a)

Science Lodge

14 Jan:

Course Intro
Physical Setting


Organizational meeting (see agenda)



21 Jan:
24 Jan - day:


eve: Avalanche!
25 Jan - 

Soil Biology

Walk-about: Biological Setting

Project Initial Idea due



28 Jan: Change in meeting time: 6-7p for the 28th.


31 Jan - day:

Winter Limnology


Antarctic Microbial Ecology

1 Feb -

Winter Mammalogy

Take all personal gear home, others using the Lodge the coming week!


4 Feb:

Mammal Winter
Physiology (Guest Lecture)

7 Feb - day: 

Winter Vegetation Ecology

eve: Projects: Instructor

8 Feb:

early start 7:25a:
Winter Ornithology

Project Proposal due



11 Feb:

Guide to Research Design

Projects - Design:
Instructor consultation
14 Feb:

Project field day -

no class meeting
15 Feb:

Project field day -

no class meeting


18 Feb:

Guide to Research Analysis & Presentation

Projects - Analysis Workshop: Instructor consultation

Info on Field Exam (Exam study guide)

Draft Project Write-up due
Friday eve (2/20)
21 Feb - day: 

Invertebrate & Herptile Ecology

Geology & Soils

Field day &

22 Feb: 

Study session

Field exam
(study guide)


25 Feb:

High Elevation Climate Change

Projects - Analysis & Presentation Workshop: Instructor consultation
28 Feb - day:

Project presentations due

eve: film

Course Description

Wintertime offers insights into the natural history of organisms and function of ecosystems that are not often appreciated in summer visits to the field.  Winter Ecology is a survey of physical and biological processes and their interaction in wintertime snow-covered environments.  Through classwork, fieldwork, and individual projects, we will focus on the dynamics of high-elevation ecosystems in the western US.  Based out of the CU Mountain Research Station's year-round Science Lodge, we will spend 6 weekends exploring the ecology of upper montane, subalpine, and alpine landscapes in winter. We will study plant, vertebrate, and microbial adaptations to winter and the dynamics of terrestrial, aquatic, and snowpack environments.  We will consider how winter processes play a role in “growing season” dynamics, shape landscapes, and are important factors in conservation and management of natural resources of the Rocky Mountains.

Course Specifics

Course Description
Location (also: Getting There)
Dates & Times
   Financial Aid Questions
Course Format
University Course Policies
Schedule-at-Glance (right fame, top of this page)
Getting There

Course Flyer (downloads)
Instructor's Goals
Words from Previous Years' Students
Health Matters
Required Personal Equipment (Details:
What to Bring)

-- By Week, By Topic, By Project deadline -- Course at a Glance

Instructor: Dr. Timothy Kittel, INSTAAR
Locations, Dates & Times:
    • One weekend midway through is open days for individual field research projects
    • Course well over before Spring Break
    • Saturday – 8:30a-5:00p and 7:30-8:30p
      • 1st Sat - Arrive at 8am for check-in
    • Sunday – 8:30a-5:00p (some days may start earlier or go longer)
  • One Weekday lecture meeting per week - Main Campus, Wednesdays, Orientation: 14 Jan. 2015 –  Lectures: 21 Jan. through 25 Feb. 2015
    • Lectures (1hr/week) - background for the coming weekend's field exercises
    • Weds, 5-6pm. Ramaley N183– during weeks prior to field weekends

Moores-Collins Science Lodge 
Mountain Research Station
(photo: TKittel)
Course Registration
  • Credits: 3

  •     - EBIO 4100, Sec 570
        - Open to students from all colleges and universities
  • Tuition & Fees:  $1500 - 

  •     - includes lodging
        - no additional tuition for out-of-state
        - meals to be arranged separately (see pre-course organizational meeting)
        - sorry, no pets
  • Registration 
    • See the MRS registration site for general information and to register online.  By phone: 303 492-8842
    • Please note: You must sign up on the Mountain Research Station registration site and pay the deposit before you will be counted as having a place in the course.
    • Enrollment is limited to 15
      • MRS will maintain a wait list
  • Final Registration (with balance of tuition payment due) – 1st Weds lecture

  • Financial Aid -
    • While MRS does not offer financial aid for its courses –
    • If you have financial aid through CU, you can use it to cover for course costs.  Contact the Station to make necessary arrangements (email mrs@colorado.edu, phone 303 492-8842).
    • If you are at another institution, please check with your financial aid office. 


    Required texts: 

    • Life in the Cold.  An Introduction to Winter Ecology, by Peter Marchand.  4th ed. 2014.  University Press of New England. ~$30.
      • ISBN (print) 9781611684285
        • (ebook) 9781611685060
      • Bookstores - 4th edition to be available at:
        • Boulder Bookstore, downtown -- Class Orders Shelves (in the West Basement). Note: They offer a 10% discount on texts. 
        • CU Bookstore, UMC
      • Online booksellers - search (for print edition) via:
      • Reserve copies -
        • 4th edition -
          • 3 copies on reserve at MRS
          • 1 pending to be at Norlin
          • Norlin:  eBook: Call# QH543.2 .M37 2013eb 
        • 3rd edition - 8 Copies on reserve:
          • 2 at Norlin: Call# QH543.2 .M37 1996
          • 1 in the INSTAAR Information Center*
          • 5 at MRS
    *INSTAAR Information Center 2nd floor RL-1, East Campus) --
    Loan period for reserve books: two hours or
    If checked out late in the day--overnight. 
      Suggested outside reading (not assigned): 
    • Winter World. The Ingenuity of Animal Survival, by Bernd Heinrich. 2003 (Ecco paperback edition 2004).  HarperCollins.  ~$25. (Publisher is currently out of stock.)
    • Autumn.  A Season of Change, by Peter Marchand.  2000.  University Press of New England.
    Note there are readings assigned for both days of the first weekend (see Week 1 readings)
    “The instruction we find in books is like fire. We fetch it from our neighbours, kindle it at home, communicate it to others, and it becomes the property of all.” 
    - Voltaire

    Getting There:
  • Directions to the MRS from Boulder:  Map pdf file (60k)

  • Winter trek - 1950/60's?.  Photo source: Jim Snow.  Source & copyright notice
    Course Format

    MRS field courses

    • MRS field courses are designed to provide students a hands on field research experience. 
    • Each course emphasizes informal interaction with the instructors and fellow students. 
    • Course credit is readily transferable to other institutions. 
    Winter Ecology

  • Evaluation is based on:   Field exercises,  Individual project,  Lab & field final exam, Participation, and  Field journal.
  • Grading breakdown: 
  • Due to scheduling constraints, there'll be no opportunity to make-up parts of the course including the exam
  • Final grades assigned as follows: A 90-100%, B 80-89%, C 70-79%,  D 50-69%,  F <50% 

  • (photo: Alan Rosacker, Winter Ecology 2005)

    Other Logistics:
  • See information on Health matters and Personal equipment in preparation for the class's field work. Also see other sections in 'What to bring' for information on what's needed for staying at the Lodge, food, and computer facilities.

  • CU Winter Ecology with John Marr, 1946.  Photo source: Joyce Gelhorn.  Source & copyright notice

    For more information email Tim Kittel at kittel@colorado.edu

    Download course flyer – pdf file (200k)
    Download mini-slideshow – ppt file (7M)

    Instructor's Goal
    “A personal goal for me, as an instructor, [is] to foster familiarity with the nature of science.  There are many facets to understanding the world of science.  One is experiencing the process of accumulation and evaluation of scientific understanding – how do new ideas arise and how are they tested?  Another is developing the ability for independent thought, to be able to generate innovative ideas and [to] critically assess the results of others.  And finally, gaining what is often called a ‘sense of place,’ which is to say in this context, to start on the road to develop an intuitive, personal sense of how natural systems work.” 

                  – T. Kittel (Center for Environmental Research & Conservation Notes, Fall 2000, Columbia University, NY)

    Words from Previous Years' Students to Incoming Students
    – from Student Course Evaluations and Journals
    Limnological field data collection,
    Gold Lake, CO.
    Winter Ecology 2005 (photo: Alan Rosacker)


    • “Hands down the best class ever taken at CU.”  (Spring 2011)
    • “The Winter Ecology Field Course at CU Boulder's Mountain Research Station is like no other ecology course. Covering a wide range of topics, from climate to small mammals’ winter ways to plant distribution, it was a wonderful way to experience winter research conditions and a great introduction to ecology, from a winter perspective.  I would say prepare to work hard, and say ‘I didn't know that!’ a lot.”  (Spring 2005)
    • “There are few ways to get the hands on experiences a field course provides.”  (Spring 2005)
    • “The field exercises were great!  Everyone should take a course like this.”  (Spring 2006)
    • “I also really love the small class environment. It’s really cool to go out into the field and take samples, cook dinner, and play card games together. This class is a bonding experience like none other. Lectures aren’t really lectures; they’re more like conversations with individuals who know a lot more about this stuff than I do.”  (Spring 2013)

    • “Outside time was fantastic.  Being able to talk about a subject and then go study/observe was crucial.  ¶ Field courses are great and should be required for all physical geography students.”  (Spring 2005)
    • “Expect to learn new things with fun people.  I thought this class was great.  Out of [my field courses], this was definitely my favorite field class.  ...   A really great experience!”  (Spring 2005)
    • “The format was great mixing lecture, field, guest lectures, etc.”  (Spring 2005)
    • Guest field instructors were all awesome.  The 'expert of the day' made the class great.  ¶  Do it  Do it  Do it!”  (Spring 2010)
    • “Tim is an excellent prof.  He will excite your interest and encourage you to learn immense amounts about winter ecology.”  (Spring 2005)

    • “Be ready for snow & cold, 10-20 other friends, and a beautiful environment”  (Spring 2010)
    • It kinda sucks giving up your weekends, but it is completely worth it.”  (Spring 2010)
    • “It is a great course, pay attention, and put the effort in.”  (Spring 2010)

    Snowpit field day, Winter Ecology 2009.  Student Ryan Provencher (right)
    & Instructor T Kittel (photo: Drew Habig)

    Health Matters
    Most fieldwork will be in high elevation, snow-covered, and/or wind-blown areas.  Students must come prepared to do wintertime fieldwork under such conditions (see Required Equipment).  Participants need to be in good health and physical condition and aware of the physical stress of being out in high-elevation wintertime environments, including low oxygen, high exertion, and cold temperatures – those with respiratory or heart conditions are advised to consult their physician before enrolling.

    Required Personal Equipment
    Equipment required for field work includes, in the minimum:
    • Backcountry skis (telemark or touring) with climbing skins, or snowshoes (with sufficient floatation on unpacked snow and grip on packed/icy surfaces)
    • Extreme cold weather clothing and boots - sufficient to stay warm while standing about for substantial periods (e.g. 1 hr),
    • Ski goggles, skiing face mask or balaclava, day pack, ...
    Go to WHAT TO BRING! for a full listing of required and suggested equipment --


    University Course Policies –

    In and Out of Classroom Behavior

    Students and faculty each have responsibility for maintaining an appropriate learning environment.  Students who fail to adhere to behavioral standards may be subject to discipline.  Faculty have the professional responsibility to treat students with understanding, dignity and respect, to guide classroom discussion and to set reasonable limits on the manner in which students express opinions.  See policies at <http://www.colorado.edu/policies/classbehavior.html> and at <http://www.colorado.edu/studentaffairs/judicialaffairs/code.html#student_code>.

    Professional courtesy and sensitivity are especially important with respect to individuals and topics dealing with differences of race, culture, religion, politics, sexual orientation, gender, gender variance, and nationalities.  Class rosters are provided to the instructor with the student's legal name. I will gladly honor your request to address you by an alternate name or gender pronoun. Please advise me of this preference early in the semester so that I may make appropriate changes to my records.

    Discrimination and Harassment

    The University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder) is committed to maintaining a positive learning, working, and living environment. The University of Colorado does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, disability, creed, religion, sexual orientation, or veteran status in admission and access to, and treatment and employment in, its educational programs and activities. (Regent Law, Article 10, amended 11/8/2001). CU-Boulder will not tolerate acts of discrimination or harassment based upon Protected Classes or related retaliation against or by any employee or student. For purposes of this CU-Boulder policy, "Protected Classes" refers to race, color, national origin, sex, pregnancy, age, disability, creed, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, or veteran status. Individuals who believe they have been discriminated against should contact the Office of Discrimination and Harassment (ODH) at 303-492-2127 or the Office of Student Conduct (OSC) at 303-492-5550. Information about the ODH, the above referenced policies, and the campus resources available to assist individuals regarding discrimination or harassment can be obtained at http://hr.colorado.edu/dh/

    Academic Integrity (Honor Code)

    All students of the University of Colorado at Boulder are responsible for knowing and adhering to the academic integrity policy of this institution.  Violations of this policy may include: cheating, plagiarism, aid of academic dishonesty, fabrication, lying, bribery, and threatening behavior.  All incidents of academic misconduct shall be reported to the Honor Code Council (honor@colorado.edu; 303-725-2273).  Students who are found to be in violation of the academic integrity policy will be subject to both academic sanctions from the faculty member and non-academic sanctions (including but not limited to university probation, suspension, or expulsion).  Additional information on the Honor Code can be found at <http://www.colorado.edu/policies/honor.html> and at <http://honorcode.colorado.edu>.

    Students should note that their work may be evaluated with the Turnitin Plagiarism detection service; and that this service retains a copy of the submitted work for future comparisons.

    Accommodation for disability or temporary medical condition or injury

    If you qualify for accommodations because of a disability, please submit to your professor a letter from Disability Services in a timely manner (for exam accommodations provide your letter at least one week prior to the exam) so that your needs can be addressed. Disability Services determines accommodations based on documented disabilities. Contact Disability Services at 303-492-8671 or by e-mail at dsinfo@colorado.edu.

    If you have a temporary medical condition or injury, see Temporary Injuries under Quick Links at Disability Services website and discuss your needs with your professor.

    Accommodation for Religious Obligations

    Campus policy regarding religious observances requires that faculty make every effort to reasonably and fairly deal with all students who, because of religious obligations, have conflicts with scheduled exams, assignments or required attendance.  In this class, please notify me of anticipated conflicts before the start of the course or as early as possible so that there is adequate time to make necessary arrangements.  See policy details at <http://www.colorado.edu/policies/fac_relig.html>.

    Course Description | Course Specifics | Instructor's Goals
     Words from Previous Years' Students| Health Matters | Required Personal Equipment | Schedule

    Course website including all internal links © 2015 T. Kittel.  All rights reserved. All copyrighted material on this website is made available for limited educational use only (commercial use strictly prohibited).
    Photographs property of sources as credited.  Unless otherwise noted, photos courtesy of http://instaar.colorado.edu/research/mrs.html, http://www.colorado.edu/mrs/, and http://culter.colorado.edu/Niwot/Niwot_Ridge_LTER_vegetation.html (some of these sourced from: Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture webpage http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/mammalogy/orders.html)

    Please email website problems to:   kittel@colorado.edu
    this page URL: http://culter.colorado.edu/~kittel/WinterEcology.html
    Page updated: 13 Feb 15